Dysmenorrhoea - Changes in Reproductive System
also known as colic menstrualis a pain pelvic that occurs before or
during the menstrual, Which affects about 50% of women of childbearing
age. It may be primary or secondary, depending on the presence or absence of structural changes in the reproductive system.
A dysmenorrhea is painful menstruation
in the absence of lesions in the pelvic organs. Generally, accompanying
the normal menstrual cycles and occurs soon after the first menses,
stopping or decreasing the intensity around the 20’s or pregnancy. It
is due to increased production of some substances by the uterus called
prostaglandins, which promote uterine contractions painful. The pain is
usually mild, causing cramping, discomfort, heaviness in the belly or
back, but can also be mild, causing, in addition to discomfort, feeling
of malaise, diarrhea and headache.
Dysmenorrhea is related to changes in the reproductive system, which
can be endometriosis, fibroids uterine infection. Abnormalities in the
anatomy of the uterus or vagina of congenital origin. Another cause of
secondary dysmenorrhea is the use of intrauterine device (IUD) as
contraceptive method. Usually begin to appear two years after menarche.
The dysmenorrhoea can be primary or secondary depending on the presence
or absence of structural changes in the reproductive system. Most women
will suffer this degree of impairment at least once during their
reproductive years. The increased risk is associated with younger age
and medical history of any of the conditions associated with secondary dysmenorrheal.
Nulliparity (never having had children)
Primary dysmenorrheal occurs during the normal ovulatory
cycles. Women with primary dysmenorrhea have the muscle activity
increased with increasing uterine contractility and frequency of
contractions. Prostaglandins are unrestricted during menstruation due
to the destruction of the endometrial cells and the resultant release
of their contents.
It is believed that the release of prostaglandins and other
inflammatory mediators in uterus is one of the main factors causing
dysmenorrhea. The levels of prostaglandin shown to be much higher in
women with severe menstrual pain than in women who have little or no menstrual pain.
The cramping related with dysmenorrhea more often than not begins a few
hours before the start of bleeding and may continue for a few days. The
pain is usually described as being in the lower abdomen, possibly
radiating to the legs and lower back. Other symptoms associated with
primary dysmenorrhea are nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, back pain and
The name is ugly and weird, and the pain it causes is pretty boring. You know what?
You know that pain that we feel women every month at the time of menstruation? So, this is such dysmenorrhea, also known as menstrual cramps. It is a pelvic pain that occurs before or during the menstrual period, which affects about 50% of women of childbearing age.