The liver is divided into two parts (lobes). The right lobe is six times larger than the left. The body is completely covered by peritoneum and is irrigated by the hepatic artery, receiving blood venous spleen and intestines through the portal vein.
It participates in the process of digestion, stores vitamins, cancels the influence of drugs, stores energy, and produces compounds necessary for coagulation of blood. One can imagine that a body so important to be extremely complex, difficult to treat. The liver is also an intricate challenge for medicine. So much so that there is still no medicine that will revive the functions of a liver that has filed for bankruptcy. Once killed, the liver cells do not recover. However, it is difficult to cure a diseased liver; the incredible versatility of a healthy liver has given life expectancy at thousands of people around the world.
● Secrete bile, which operates in the liquid emulsion of fat ingested, thus facilitating the action of lipase.
● Remove glucose molecules in the blood combined them chemically to form glycogen which is stored. In moments need, glycogen is converted into glucose molecules, are re-released into the circulation.
● Store iron, copper and vitamins into cells.
● Synthesize several proteins present in blood, immunological factors and clotting disorders and substance carriers of oxygen and fats.
● Produce carbohydrates from lipids or proteins, and lipids from carbohydrates or protein.
● Downgrade alcohol and other toxic substances, assisting in detoxification of the body.
● Destroy red blood cells (red) old or abnormal transforming their hemoglobin to bilirubin, the pigment brown-green present in bile.
● Synthesize cholesterol and purify many drugs and other substances such as enzymes.
● Controlling the balance hydro-normal saline.
There are several diseases that can reach the liver. Symptoms vary depending on the severity, but some of the most common are: jaundice, fluid retention, and fatigue, tendency to bleed, muscle weakness, dark urine, nausea and vomiting, loose whitish and mental confusion.
Depending on the damage to the body by the underlying disease may changes occur in the absorption of vitamins and nutrients, accumulation of toxic substances in the body and reduce the production of proteins and other factors necessary for blood clotting.