Psoriasis Chronic Inflammatory Skin Disease
is a skin
disease very frequent, of unknown cause and common people in the
same family. Not is a contagious disease, and may be so mild that the
patient does not know who has the disease. In other cases it may be very
severe and affect large parts of the body - in these cases is need calm
and patient so that treatment is successful.
Psoriasis is an ancient disease very common. It affects almost 3% of the
population, both men and women. Usually appears in the second decade of
life. When children under 15 years are affected because it is probably
some of the relatives had the disease
The disease is characterized by the appearance of patches or plaques red
body with intense scaling. The main areas manifesting the disease are:
knees, elbows, scalp and back. Psoriasis inflames the skin, which is
very red and looks ranked as scales.
It is a chronic
inflammatory skin disease that manifests itself in most times,
erythematous lesions pink or red covered with scales whitish. In some
cases, the lesions may be located only in elbows, knees or scalp.
Already in others, the lesions spread through the whole skin. Often
there is involvement of the nails. Although little frequent, there are
cases where the joints may also be affected causing psoriatic arthritis.
Psoriasis causes great impact on quality of life of patients who often
feel rejected or discriminated against in their social and working
The reasons that cause psoriasis are not yet fully understood. The
scientific researches show that there is someone in the family with the
same problem in 30% of cases. Some factors may increase or trigger
disease, such as emotional stress, trauma or skin irritation, infection
in throat, low humidity or certain medicines.
Psoriasis vulgarize or plaque:
Plaque psoriasis, vulgar or nummular is the most common. The disease may
differ regarding the intensity and evolution. The areas most affected
are the elbows, knees, scalp, lumbosacral area and umbilicus.
Psoriasis in nails:
Psoriasis can involve the fingernails, corresponding to a stigma of the
disease, because it interferes in social and work activities. One of the
hallmarks of the disease is the detachment of the nail. To minimize the
need to avoid patient trauma. It is therefore important to keep the
nail short, dry and clean to reduce the odds of stimuli that can enhance
A small portion of the patient population may exhibit this kind of
manifestation of the disease, which can produce inflammation
in joints and cartilage, developing pain, difficulty in
movements and changes in the way of the joints.
Besides the main types of psoriasis, also highlight:
* Psoriasis guttata
* Erythrodermic psoriasis
* Pustular Psoriasis
* Inverse psoriasis
* Palmoplantar Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a disease that can be controlled and is not contagious.
Stress and anxiety are factors that trigger or aggravate psoriasis, so
try to adopt a style of life less stressful and if you can not, seek the
help of patients in the association of your city or a psychotherapist