The advent of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in 20 century
alerted the world and changed the way we relate intimately. Thus,
eroticism and prevention must unite and form a single concept: safe sex.
Social interaction has changed dramatically in every way over the past
50 years. In the field of erotic and sexual intercourse, one can say
that this aspect has been practiced in many different ways before and
after AIDS, something that you will understand perfectly well who exceed
the 40 years of age.
Younger people born under the stigma of this deadly disease, which led
to the occurrence of health guidelines, compendia of sexual behavior
unthinkable in another era and changes in the curriculum at primary and
Today, however, a paradox that has no explanation, much of the youth
population is unaware that there are many other diseases, and AIDS,
which can contract or spread if no precautions.
In this regard, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports the
existence of approximately 530 million people between 15 and 49 are
infected with genital herpes (which is contracted through sexual contact
and is characterized by repeated episodes rash of small blisters,
usually painful), which seems not to worry anyone.
In retrospect, there are proven recommendations to avoid the risk of
contracting or spreading any type of sexually transmitted infection
. Of course, it must be said that no sex is 100% safe, but it is true
that the circumstances surrounding an erotic act determine the
percentage chance you have or not have any impact.
As already noted, there are number of STIs that are little known.
Some people even think that they are inventions or have been erased from
the medical books, being that are more alive than ever. Some of the
identifiable traits are:
* Chlamydia. It is caused by bacteria that can infect the vagina,
cervix, fallopian tubes, anus, urethra or eye. Curable with drugs and
should be treated promptly. This infection is most common among people
who have more than one partner (a) sexual, in whom do not use condoms
and those who have been victims of an STI.
* Gonorrhea. Usually is acquired through sexual intercourse, whether
oral, anal or vaginal sex. There needs to be premature for the disease
to transmit or contract, and the woman is more susceptible to infection.
The treatment is based on the use of antibiotics, but if not managed
early can have serious repercussions (infertility, for example).
* Syphilis. It is transmitted through direct contact with the sores
that generates and which are located mainly in external genitals,
vagina, anus or rectum. Pregnant women who have this disease can be
transmitted to the fetus. By contrast, syphilis is not spread by
touching toilets, doorknobs, swimming pools or bathtubs. Nor, shared
clothing or eating utensils.
* Crabs (”Pubic lice”). Usually, though not always, transmitted
through sexual intercourse. They are also available if there is contact
with clothing (sheets, clothes or dirty towels) from an infected person.
This ITS yields to the use of creams, lotions or special shampoos that
are purchased in pharmacies without a prescription in between.
* Human Papillomavirus (HPV). The spread of this organism is almost
always through sexual contact (either vaginal or anal), although it also
occurs by skin to skin contact. Some types of HPV can cause serious
problems: the so-called 16 and 18 are responsible for 70% of cervical
cancers and types 6 and 11 are responsible for 90% of genital warts.
* Hepatitis B. Is virus that infects the liver. Currently the only
STD that is preventable by vaccine. The pathogen that causes it can live
in all liquids produced by the body (saliva, tears, breast milk), but
is mainly transmitted through blood, semen and vaginal fluids.
* Hepatitis C. We know that blood-borne viruses (blood to blood
infection) are transmitted by certain types of sexual activity, but is
rarely detected hepatitis C in semen and vaginal fluids. Most studies
suggest that this organism is not found in these bodily fluids, or that
is present in amounts so small that it is not infectious. However, the
fact that anal sex is the most common route of infection, because the
rectum is delicate lining which makes it vulnerable to injury.
* Genital herpes. Direct contact with skin can transmit herpes. The
wetted parts (mucosa) of the mouth, throat, anus, vulva, vagina, and
eyes become infected easily. It is unlikely that this virus is acquired
through toilet seats, swimming pools, bathtubs, hot tubs or wet towels.
* HIV / AIDS. It is caused by human immunodeficiency virus, which
attacks the body’s immune system, mainly white blood cells (T
lymphocytes). It is pertinent to remember that AIDS is a serious STI and
so far no cure.