The Diet in Diabetes
Hypoglycemia: Low values of blood glucose. Symptoms usually appear in absence of glucose when blood sugar falls below 55mg/dl.
Normoglycemia: Blood glucose normal fasting between 70 to 110 mg / dl.
Hyperglycemia: Blood glucose above 110 mg / dl.
The main goal is to keep blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible and maintained. In their achievement is important to control diet and nutrition.
They must fight against obesity, maintaining a normal weight, which can be measured by the BMI (body mass index). Obesity is a major risk factor in diabetes.
General Feeding Tips
Eat enough food to ensure the minimum energy required.
Eat small, several times a day avoiding large meals.
To cook, minimize animal fats (butter) which is important in diabetes.
Olive oil should always be used for dressing and cooking (especially fried).
Types of food in diabetes mellitus treatment
Eat vegetables (Also called legumes) often (lentils, chickpeas, beans, peas?). Provide energy and are rich in protein. When you eat vegetables can be suppressed by the flesh.
The vegetables (Raw or cooked) are rich in fiber, minerals, antioxidants and provide very few calories. We recommend their use; can be eaten at all meals and on demand. They are generally suitable for nutrition for all people and especially in diabetes.
The meat, fish and eggs, Containing proteins and fats but have no carbohydrate, should be eaten in moderation. It is best to eat more fish than meat. The egg yolk should be eaten more than 2 a week; egg whites can be consumed freely.
Consume dairy low-fat (skim milk, 2%, 0% fat yogurt) is important in the diet.
Consume alcohol (Especially wine and beer) in moderation (two glasses per day) as general nutrition advice in these patients.
Avoid rapidly absorbed sugars because an abrupt rise of glucose levels in blood is especially important in diabetes.
The cereals are the main source of energy and fiber, taking care to those with a high glycemic index.
Fruits: Rich in vitamins, fiber and antioxidants, one must bear in mind that some have a high glycemic index.
Control the use of sodium because a high intake of this mineral helps to have kidney disease and cardiovascular disease.
The care of food and diet is part of diabetes and you have to fit it into a set of health measures, including proper nutrition and a physical activity are adequate, regular hours, medications and control cholesterol and blood pressure.
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