is the phase of menstrual cycle
which eliminated the wall of the uterus, the endometrial. The term
menstruation, the common name is a period or cycle- refers to the normal
and regular bleeding, which usually lasts from three to five days,
although during the two with seven days is considered normal. The
average amount of blood lost during menstruation is 35 ml and are
considered normal and quantities from 10 to 80 ml. Many women notice
that elimination of endometrial tissue has the appearance of mixed
blood. Enzymes present in the endometrium, the plasmin, prevent blood
clotting and create clots.
As Part of the menstrual cycle
Menstruation is the most visible phase of the menstrual cycle. The
menstrual cycles are counted from the first day of menstrual bleeding
since the beginning of menstruation corresponds well with the hormonal
During pregnancy and for some time after childbirth, menstruation is not
normally - this state is known as amenorrhea, i.e. absence of the
In many women, several intense sensations induced by hormones contained
in it and close limit the uterus can precede or accompany menstruation.
The powerful sensations can include severe menstrual pain
(dysmenorrheal), abdominal pain, migraine headaches, depression,
emotional sensitivity, feeling bloated, and changes in sex drive. Chest
discomfort caused near premenstrual water retention or hormone
fluctuation is very common. The sensations experienced vary from woman
to woman and from cycle to cycle.
Some women may experience emotional reactions. These range from the
irritability that is generally associated with Premenstrual Syndrome
(PMS), to fatigue, or weepiness i.e., tears of emotional closeness. A
similar range of emotional effects and mood swings associated with
The normal menstrual flow follows a plan that begins at a moderate
level, increases somewhat and then slowly tapers. Suddenly heavy flows
or amounts in excess of 80 miles. Hyper menorrhea may stem from hormonal
disturbance, abnormal parent, including parent cancer, and other
causes. Doctors call the opposite phenomenon to bleed very little, hypo
The typical woman bleeds for two to seven days at the beginning of each
menstrual cycle. Prolonged bleeding no longer a clear plan period.
Dysfunctional maternal hemorrhage caused bleeding hormonal
abnormalities, typically an ovulation. All they need medical attention
bleeding disorders can show the imbalances of hormones, the uterine
fibroids, or other problems. As pregnant patients may bleed, a pregnancy
test forms part of the evaluation of abnormal bleeding.
Most women use something to absorb or catch their menses them. There are several different methods available.
* Sanitary towels or pads - some rectangular pieces of material worn
underwear to absorb menstrual flow, often with wings, pieces that fold
around the panties, and / or an adhesive that claims to keep pad in
place. The disposable pads can include wood pulp or gel products,
usually with a plastic lining and bleached. Some sanitary towels,
particularly older format into force of a belt-like device instead of
glue or feathers.
* Tampons - Disposable cylinders used rayon/cotton blends or all-cotton
fleece, usually bleached, which is inserted in the vagina to absorb
* Disposable wads of treated rayon blend cotton placed in the inner labia to absorb menstrual flow.
* Disposable menstrual cups - A firm, flexible cups device worn inside
the vagina to catch menstrual flow. The disposable cups are made of soft
* Reusable cloth pads consist of cotton (often organic), terrycloth, or
flannel, and may be hand sewn from material or reused old clothes and
towels or store-bought.
* Menstrual cups - A firm, flexible bell-shaped device worn inside the
vagina to catch menstrual flow. Reusable versions include rubber or
* Sea sponges - Natural sponges, worn internally like tampon to absorb menstrual flow.
* Filled panties - reusable cloth usually cotton underwear with extra absorbent layers sewn in to absorb the flow.
* Cover, Towel — a large reusable piece of cloth, most often used at night, placed between legs to absorb menstrual flow.
Apart from the products to contain the menstrual flow, provide
additional pharmaceutical products - mostly non-steroidal
anti-inflammatory drugs - to relieve menstrual cramps. Some herbs, such as raspberry leaf and the cramp bark herb, is also thought to relieve menstrual pain, but there is no documented scientific evidence.
Because of blood loss, women have a greater need to take iron from food
than men to avoid shortages in the blood. Many women also feel pain
caused by contractions of the uterus (cramps), a phenomenon referred to
as dysmenorrheal. Entire industries have been organized and provide
medication and other preparations to combat the symptoms and maintaining
hygiene during menstruation.