Obesity and overweight are defined as excess body energy reserves,
mainly as fat, if it is known that in both cases the health is at risk,
the risk in older adults increases. This may be the time to take action
to prevent future problems, do not you think?
Risks in them
of the main causes for the mature woman gains weight is the decrease in
the generation of sex hormones after the menopause (last menstrual
period), as this alters the mechanism to regulate the distribution of
adipose tissue and the ratio between muscle and fat. To this we must add
that the body it is much more difficult to metabolize lipids and
lipoproteins as before, i.e., assimilation, utilization and disposal of
fats, leading to overweight.
As noted above, the risk of problems
focus on women’s bone machine, but also affected others, the most
important: Osteoarthritis. Degenerative disease characterized by wear or
destruction of cartilage and deformation of the surface bone of one or
more joints. In general, aging and stress cause the cartilage to wear
out, so the joint loses its natural cushioning system and bone
deformities have slight manifested through pain and limited movement,
affects mostly weight-bearing joints or who have excessive movement,
such as hips (specifically in groin and inner thigh), knee (on the
inside) or feet.
Osteoporosis. Skeletal disease characterized by
decreased bone mineral density (calcium and collagen) due to imbalance
in the cycle of bone reconstruction (less formed bone tissue is
destroyed), which causes bones to become porous, thin and fragile,
therefore, susceptible to fracture at the slightest effort or not. This
disorder is very common in the elderly, and affects mostly
postmenopausal women due to lack of estrogen, hormones that the body
stops producing when given the last period.
What about them?
older men tend to increase in heart disease from the accumulation of
fat; hence we can talk about problems like high cholesterol, fatty
compounds that our body gets from two aspects: one, food and the other
that makes the body itself.
Cholesterol is required to perform
many functions, such as hormones, assist in the formation of bile and
vitamin D, and maintain the body’s cellular structure. However, when
levels are elevated in the blood of the compound health problems arise,
the main: Atherosclerosis. cholesterol tends to accumulate on the walls
of the arteries, which adds to waste and muscle cells and blood calcium
causing atherosclerotic plaque is called, which reach a size that
hinders the passage of blood causes the disorder, which usually occurs
in the coronary arteries (which carry blood to the heart muscle) in the
aorta (the most large body), and in the brain and limbs, especially
thighs and legs.
When athermanous plaque partially or completely
cover the arteries, causing decreased or total lack of blood flow, which
causes the organs do not receive enough oxygen to work or not have it
at all (complete occlusion), resulting in the death of cells. The latter
is what is called an infarct and, as is known, can occur anywhere in
the body where the blood stops circulating. Thus, infarction occurs in
heart, brain, eyes, intestines and legs
it is noteworthy that there are other conditions that are common to men
and women for the overweight, among which we mention: Gout. As part of
the daily renewal of the cells that make up our body discards each day a
compound called uric acid, which naturally is excreted in urine, but
when this happens, it accumulates in the blood and gradually settles in
the joints, as crystals, causing inflammation and severe pain. Among the
causes of uric acid is not removed properly can include obesity and
diabetes, diseases that cause kidney malfunction, leading to
accumulation and determines the appearance of calculi (stones formed by
mineral salts and discarded).
Hypertension. High blood pressure
affects one third of people over 60 years, this disease is that the
smaller blood stream narrowed or the arteries lose their elasticity,
which forces the heart to pump harder to supply blood to all organs. A
major cause is the accumulation of fat in blood vessels, constant
situations of stress and distress, kidney ailments and diabetes,
sedentary lifestyle (with very little physical exercise), eating too
much salt, snuff and alcohol.
Diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is a
syndrome characterized by excessive accumulation of glucose in the blood
due to a deterioration in all or part of the secretion and action of
the hormone insulin, produced by the pancreas and is responsible for
maintaining normal blood sugar levels. If left unchecked can lead to
complications such as blindness, kidney and vascular damage and leg
There are two types: the first develops in people in
which insulin production is low or nil. Most patients with this
condition develop it before age 30.
In contrast, type 2 or
mellitus occurs when the pancreas continues to produce insulin but the
body develops resistance to its effects. Generally, this type of
diabetes occurs after age 30.
Cancer. Quite simply, this
condition can be explained as a failure in the mechanism that regulates
the development of cells that are found throughout our body, made to
appear that some of these causes to grow without altering their genetic
control, and thus are most likely to develop cancer. One of the factors
that can accelerate the accumulation of fat in the body as well as
polluting compounds, viruses and ultraviolet radiation from sunlight.
Actions to be taken
the elderly require special care naturally, we must take particular
care when overweight or obese, so that attention to the following
Hormone replacement therapy. It is not
uncommon for many menopausal women continue hormone replacement therapy,
i.e. artificially receive estrogen that your body no longer produces,
among other benefits it helps to prevent weight gain, however, receive
is of Hormones discussion in the scientific community, it is associated
with cases in which women develop cancer. Is indicated consulted
gynecologist about risks and benefits administration.
For more happens in the body energy expenditure is necessary to promote
exercise. With this, it will increase muscle definition, improve insulin
sensitivity and decrease cholesterol levels. The walk, for example, is
excellent sport, and you do not need physical condition or special
Eat and chew. Chew slowly lets shred food into a
bolus perfectly digestible otherwise, the organs involved in digestion
working at top speed, generating indigestion, stomach pain, gas
emissions and inadequate metabolism fat.
Food. Possibly the main point which shows many problems, hence the need to pay attention to:
* Eat little but often, a well distributed supply allows you to lose
excess fat, while only one meal a day promotes fat storage.
* Drink 2 liters of water a day to rehydrate the skin and digestive tract.
* Avoid salt, because it facilitates the formation of small balls or
lumps of fat in artery walls. Instead, try to incorporate garlic into
your meals, it prevents the formation of small balls (like grapefruit)
and promotes good blood circulation.
* Say goodbye to the snacks
and replace them with fruit or vegetables (cucumbers, carrots, etc..),
Since no fat and suppresses appetite.
* Compare the calories,
protein, fats and sugars you eat all their food and seek balance. Make
simple evaluation on our tables of essential food groups, minerals,
vitamins and proteins (located in section diagrams, the left side of the
* Use olive oil for cooking and seasoning, as this
product reduces the concentration of harmful cholesterol, while
increasing the so-called good.
* Eat in moderation tortilla,
bread made with refined flour (substitute whole wheat bread in small
amounts), sweets and alcohol.
Beyond the cosmetic issue for many
people a lot of weight, obesity should be treated in the elderly, since
this will be gaining in health have no doubt about it.
Read more on natural slimming pills and how to lose weight fast. And more about how to prevent cellulite to loose extra fat & be in shape…