- Almost all of us have combined to stop the season on the threshold of
old age and therefore, when they begin the first round of the genetic
anomalies, hot flashes, sweats and intense mood swings, which signify,
among other things, the initiation menopause, we are terrified. Chances
are that some of the fear stems from the insecurity we feel about the
changes that will occur in our bodies but also our psychology, because
we imagine that will make us feel and look less. But things are not just
so feminine and our existence is not threatened by the menopause, which
is a normal part of the cycle of the woman and not disease.
What is menopause and at what age is shown
Menopause is the normal period in a woman’s life when menstruation
stops. Usually this is an evolving situation due to the progressive
decline of ovarian function, which involves reducing levels of vital
hormones such as estrogen and progesterone.
The low levels of hormones cause disruption of menstrual cycles and
eventually fully suspended. Also responsible for the unpleasant symptoms
that characterize this critical period.
Menopause can also be caused when the ovaries are removed for various medical reasons.
The interval between the lower fertility by menopause called climacteric and takes about two years.
Normally, menopause occurs on average in women aged about 50 years, with
extreme physiological differences of 40-58 years. The multifarious
women and with increased body mass tend to have a late menopause, while
conversely, women who have not had children, they smoke, they take
antidepressants, are exposed to radiation or exposure to toxic chemical
agents, entering menopause at a younger age. Early menopause age 40
years has also been associated with familial predisposition.
What is the precise definition of menopause?
Menopause is defined as the permanent cessation of menstruation i.e.
complete absence for more than a year, which is due to inhibition of
maturation in the ovaries (natural menopause) or removal of the ovaries
Directly related to the secretion of estrogen and progesterone. These
hormones are beginning to show a reduction in the secretion of several
years before menopause, a period known as perimenopause, creating
disturbances in the EP and a set of symptoms caused by the gradual
decline of estrogen levels.
The perimenopause can last a few years after their last and to manifest
as a transient ovarian activity resulting in the challenge of vaginal bleeding.
What are the effects of menopause on body?
The symptoms are both physically and psychologically. It can last for
months or even years in some cases. It can be permanent or have flares
The most common symptoms of menopause are:
- Irregular menstrual cycles
- Flushes hot flashes is an early and unexpected symptom of menopause.
Perimenopause usually begins in the last half and five years after the
advent of. Due to an increase in peripheral temperature drops of the
central body temperature and hypothalamic considered reasons.
- Night sweats
- Sleep Disorders
- Gulf Dryness, itching and reduce the genital tissues, sometimes leading to pain during intercourse
- Dry skin dryness and vaginal mucosa due to reduction of collagen in
the skin epithelium in which many receptors have been detected estrogen
- Frequent urination or incontinence (involuntary loss of urine)
- More frequent infection vaginal infections and urinary tract infections combined with dysuria unpleasant complaints.
The most important recommendations that should be taken seriously are:
1. Stopping smoking
2. Prevention of breast cancer
3. Proper diet, rich in vitamins and low in fat, and weight loss is
necessary, particularly in the categories of women are other aggravating
factors such as diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, obesity,
history of cardiovascular events.
4. Must begin Vitamin D and calcium, even before moving into menopause,
to slow the loss of bone mass and osteoporosis fractures.
5. The gym on a daily basis is essential to menopause. It was found that
reduces cardiovascular events and has a beneficial effect on bones,
Other simple but effective measures
- Wear cotton underwear to experience night sweats more easily
- You can use a vaginal lubricating creams or gels before sex, if you dysparefnia.
- Do not hesitate to confess their problems and concerns to your partner
and your family members or even join a special group programs for
psychological support postmenopausal women, if you feel the need.