Born on 15th October 1931 at
Rameswaram, in Tamil Nadu, Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul
Kalam, specialized in Aero Engineering from Madras Institute of
He initially worked in DRDO in 1958 and then
joined ISRO in 1963. Dr. Kalam has made significant
contribution to Indian satellite and launch vehicles of ISRO and
also in the missile programme of DRDO. As project Director, SLV-III,
he contributed for the design, development and management of India’s
first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) to inject
Rohini satellite in the near earth orbit. He was responsible for the
evolution of ISRO’s launch vehicles programme and configurations. He
rejoined DRDO in 1982 and conceived the Integrated Guided Missile
Development Programme (IGMDP) for indigenous missiles.
He was Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and
Secretary, Department of Defence Research & Development from July
1992 to December 1999.
As Chairman, Technology Information, Forecasting
and Assessment Council (TIFAC), he generated the Technology Vision
2020 documents – a road map for transforming India from Developing
India to Developed India. He provided overall guidance to a number
of Homegrown Technology Projects and major technology missions such
as Sugar, Advanced Composites and Fly Ash utilization.
Dr. Kalam has served as the Principal Scientific
Advisor to the Government of India, in the rank of Cabinet Minister,
from November 1999 to November 2001. He was primarily responsible
for evolving policies, strategies and missions for generation of
innovations and support systems for multiple applications. Also,
generating science and technology task in strategic, economic and
social sectors in partnership with Government departments,
institutions and industry. Dr. Kalam was also the Chairman,
Ex-officio, of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Cabinet
Dr. Kalam took up academic pursuit as Professor,
Technology & Societal Transformation at Anna University, Chennai and
involved in teaching and research tasks. Above all he is on his
mission to ignite the young minds for national development by
meeting high school students across the country.
Dr. Kalam was conferred with the Degree of
Doctor of Science (D.Sc. Honoris Causa) by 30 universities/academic
institutions. He is recipient of several awards including the Indira
Gandhi Award for National Integration 1997.
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam has been awarded Padma
Bhushan in 1981, Padma Vibhushan in 1990 and BHARAT RATNA in 1997.